DOMS stands for Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness, and is the technical term for being sore the day after you work out. It lasts for a few days and will go away. Basically, it’s a good way to tell if you have had a good, hard workout. The soreness itself is thought to be caused by the eccentric portion of workouts, which causes microtears in the muscle that need to be healed, which in turn causes the soreness. If we take bench press for example, the eccentric portion of the exercise is when you are lowering the bar to your chest, which lengthens the muscle fibers as you do so. This causes the microtears in the muscle, which causes the soreness due to healing, which in turn causes the muscle to grow. This is why it is so important to move slowly when the weight is going down.
Soreness isn’t bad, and will go away by itself within a day or so. If you are looking for a quick fix, however, using some compression clothing on the affected muscles will help decrease the amount of time the muscle is sore. You can also get in some hot water, get a massage, or do something to get the blood moving to the affected muscles.
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